Madhavdev (1489–1596) was an Assamese saint-poet and chief disciple of Shrimanta Shankardev, the founder of Neo-Vaishnavism ( Ekasarana Dharma).
Madhavdev was born in May 1489 in the village of Letekupukhuri, Narayanpur in Lakhimpur District of Assam.
His father’s name was Govindagiri and mother’s name was Manorama. Madhavdev took his education under the teacher named Rajendra Adhyapak and became well versed in the Tantras, Tarka-Shastra, Purana and other literature associated with Saktism. He lost his father Govindagiri in his boyhood.
In 1532 he met Srimanta Shankardeva, the founder of Neo-Vaishnavism (a Religion based on the Bhagavat Geeta) and converted to Vaishnavism. Since his conversion, he became hand and glove associate of his Guru Sankardeva and became indifferent to mundane life. After Guru’s advice, he composed poems, devotional songs and dramas as a means of preaching Vaishnavism. His literary composition includes ‘Naam Ghokha’, Bhakti Ratnavali, Borgeets, Jhumuras (one-act plays) and Naam Maalikaa. In addition to these, he rendered the Adi Kanda of Valmiki’s Ramayana into Assamese.
Madhavdev, after contributing a lot to the Assamese culture, passed away in 1596 in Koch Bihar.