Sa’adat Hasan Manto
Sa’adat Hasan Manto (1912-55) was an Indian-Pakistani Urdu short story writer, novelist, essayist, playwright and screenwriter. He was born in Samrala, in Punjab and was educated in Amritsar and Aligarh. After completing his formal education in 1941, he took to work at the All India Radio, Delhi. There he wrote a number of radio plays. Two years later, Mantro shifted to Bombay, writing screenplays for films. There he met other writers like Ismat Chughtai, Sardar Jafri and Krishan Chander.
After the Partition of India in 1947, he migrated to Lahore in 1948 where he was to die seven years later, fighting poverty and depression.
His notable literary works include ‘Toba Tek Singh; Thanda Gosht; Bu; Khol Do; Kaali Shalwar; Hattak and some others.
He died in 1955, in Lahore, Pakistan. After his death, his unpublished manuscripts are collected and published in a volume called ‘Black Margins’.