Internet Edition by
Love of Reputed Persons (A Collection of Biographical Essays dealing with the theme of love of some reputed world personalities) by Menonim Menonimus
Internet Edition: 2019
Rights Reserved with the Author
Price: Rs.—– only
D. T. P. By A. Shahriar, Barpeta.
(Love of Reputed Persons)
The Love of Piere Abelard and Helesia
The Love of Rgunath Chaudhury
The Love of John Donne
The Love of Samuel Taylor Coleridge
The Love of John Osborne
The Love of Andrew the Painter
The Love of Walt Whitman
The Love of John Keats
The Love of Earnest Hemingway
The Love of Eugene O’Neill
The Love of Dylan Thomas
The Love of Alexander Puskin
The Love of Percy Bysshe Shelley
The Love of Miss Rameresh
‘Love’ is a much uttered, frequently misused and least appreciated word in the human lexicon. It is a mysterious word also which is harder to define. But whatsoever people say of it, I dare to say that love is a feeling of attraction– either physical or mental or both towards something which can hardly be ignored in life.
Love is protean. It has some forms as- love to man, love to nature, love to motherland, love to God, love to a particular ideology and son on. Again there are some forms of love to man as: love to parents, love to children, love to brother and sister, love to friends, love to a favourite leader, love to opposite sex etc. Among all these forms of love, the love to the opposite sex is the most talked of and most misapplied form of love. Most of our family peace, order, discipline, happiness depends on it.
Once I had to lead research on the theme of “Effects of Love to Opposite Sex on a Person’s Peace and Happiness in Life” and for that, I had to study the private (sex) lives of some reputed persons. As a partial outcome of that study, I wrote out this present book ‘Love of Reputed Persons’.
The study of the private sex life of some persons reveals to us that any kind of sexual love beyond marriage bond leads a person to miseries and sufferance.
Hope that after studying this book my dear readers would learn a lesson and be conscious of the evils of debauchery, licentiousness in matter of sexual love and be determined to avoid any kind of sex-love beyond marriage bond to be happy in life.
Wishing a happy and peaceful life to all.
THE LOVE OF REPUTED PERSONS (TEXT)
THE LOVE OF PIERE ABELARD AND HELESIA
The sense of love of a man to a woman and vice versa is an instinct. This instinct is divinely or naturally bestowed upon human beings. Every man or woman, if hale and sound in mind and body, either consciously or unconsciously and either publicly or secretly falls in love at least once in life with the opposite sex. This sense of love sometimes becomes spiritual, sometimes physical and sometimes both spiritual and physical. There is no dearth of pairs of lovers on this earth. But only a few of those pairs of lovers remain immortal and stand as the examples of true love through the ages. It is seen in the history of human civilization that the names of those couple of lovers have been existing immortal who had suffered most in life under the pressure and hindrance of society. Amongst such a few couples of lovers, the names of Pierre Abelard and Helesia are worth mentioning. Their love was first physical and spiritual and thirdly only spiritual. This couple of lovers had suffered a more tragic and pathetic life on the earth.
Pierre Abelard was born in 1079 in Europe in a middle-class family. From his childhood, he seemed to be a curious boy and hence his parents sent him to school and took him too many well-known teachers and eventually he became well-versed in philosophy, history, theology and rhetoric. His name as a scholar had been spread far and wide. Whenever he went, a crowd of people followed him, surrounded him and listened to his lectures. Many people became his favourite disciples. He wandered from place to place and delivered his lectures on various topics. He was like a moving university and lines of people came from the nook and corner of Europe and sought knowledge from him.
Once he went to Paris where he established a temporary school to disseminate knowledge to the mass people. There, during his stay in Paris, a man by the name of Phulbert had come to him and requested him to be the tutor to his sister, Helesia. Helesia was a great knowledge seeker. She had already heard the name of Abelard and wished to be his pupil. To meet her wish, her brother Phulbert appointed Abelard as Helesia’s tutor. Phulbert was a well-to-do person and he provided accommodation with him. Phulbert gave him the right to teach his sister, Helesia, at any time and if needed, he allowed Abelard to punish Helesia to make her his obedient student.
During the middle ages, the persons that took teaching as a profession had to live a very honest and temperate life. They have to remain unmarried. But the sense of love is a power which none can check and ignore. It is as spontaneous as the flowing of hilly spring and as forceful as the waterfall. Abelard, till this time remained honest and temperate. But when he became the tutor to Helesia, his sense of love to opposite sex woke up with violence. He fell in love with Helesia. Physically Helesia was too much beautiful, comely, like a blooming lotus and intellectually she was talented like Abelard. On the other hand, Helesia was fascinated by Abelard’s career as a scholar. She met the man of her dream in him. She also fell in love with him. Gradually their love got deepened and much of their time began to spend after the tete a tete of love. Their teaching and learning fell short. Mutual kisses took the place of study. The light of wisdom became steady and the twinkling light of love began to shine. It is the sense of love the spirit of which can break even the meditation of the sage. So was happened to Abelard. He became indifferent to his job of teaching. He often began to keep himself absent from his lectures. He ceased to explain the philosophical problem. Instead, he began to write poetry dealing with the theme of love. Love became his principal matter of practice. Eventually, sense of love engulfed Abelard from head to feet and sexual relationship got established between the two.
On a day, after some months, Helesia informed Abelard that she got pregnant by him. He startled! But what has happened cannot be unhappened. Out of fear, he eloped with Helesia to his home. There Helesia gave birth to a he-child.
On the other hand, Phulbert, the brother of Helesia, felt furious. He could not take the case easily. He took it as an insult upon the family. So he determined to retaliate him anyway. One night, Phulbert out of fury hired some ruffians and took them to the abode of Abelard stealthily and going there they caught Abelard and cut off his sex organ. The news of that brutal retaliation spread here and there instantly. Abelard became moribund of agony and shame. People began to wink at him with hatred. The tragic sufferance of Abelard and Helesia began. Helesia took the veil and became a nun and began to live in a monastery. Abelard also became a monk and built a monastery on the bank of the river of Peraclitt. They began to live in two far off monasteries. Their physical love transformed into spiritual love. There he devoted himself to the meditation of God. On the other hand, Helesia devoted herself to the spiritual devotion to her husband, Abelard.
They exchanged many letters between them. The letters written by Helesia were full of the passion of love to Abelard. In her letters, she unlocked her heart and expressed the inner truth of her psychology concerning to love. She revealed in her letters that she had taken the life of a nun not in devotion to God but in devotion to her husband only. She thought that her love to her husband was her only religion. Thus her letters are replete with the documents of women psychology.
On the other hand, Abelard kept himself busy in penance. He ceased to meet with his disciples and stopped to deliver lectures. There he wrote his autobiography, Historia Calamilatum which is replete with the tales of sorrow and sufferance of his life.
The love of a man to a woman is mainly physical and less spiritual but the love of a chaste and honest woman to her husband is more spiritual. While Abelard took the life of a monk he seemed less and less attentive to Helesia and hence Helesia, in many of her letters complained that Abelard loved her only for sexual pleasure. But on the other hand, she loved her for devotion, while they were separated then her sense of physical love developed to spiritual love the force of which never ceased.
In 1142 Abelard died and after his wish, his body was sent to Helesia and was buried in the monastery of Helesia. After twenty-one years of Abelard’s death, Helesia died and was buried in the same monastery.
Centuries after centuries have been passing, but the love story of Abelard and Helesia remains living. 0 0 0
THE LOVE OF RAGHUNATH CHAUDHURY
Raghunath Chaudhary was a great romantic poet of Assam, a state of north-east India. He may be called the Wordsworth of India because he wrote poems, like Wordsworth, especially on the themes of nature. Therefore he is called the Poet of Birds because many of his exquisite romantic poems are written on birds. In theme, imagery and style his poems are the peculiar property in the godown of Assamese literature. But the private life of this great poet was full of pathetic sufferance. This poet, throughout his life, remained unmarried.
The passion of love comes to everybody either sooner or later. Though Raghunath Chaudhary had led a life of celibacy throughout his long life, yet it did not mean that the passion of love had not come to him. To him also the passion of love to opposite sex had come as it comes to everybody. But to say the background of his passion of love is a longer chapter of biography which has been still shrouded with the veil of mystery.
Raghunath Chaudhary (1879-1967) was born in a village called Laopara in the district of Kamrup. His father Bholanath Chaudhary was a well-to-do cultivator and his mother Mrs Dayalata Chaudharini was a kind, benevolent and religious woman. Raghunath was the third but final child of his parents. In the family, there had always been the affluence of happiness and peace. Joy and smile had been shining on the face of every member of the family. But amid such joy and happiness, one day, an accident had happened to child Raghunath. He fell down from the high foundation of their house to the lower courtyard and his two feet were crushed by the pressure of a piece of hill. As a result, his right leg became disable and the left leg became feeble forever. The river of tears glided down over the family. With this accident, the fortune of the family turned back and misfortune began to spread its wings. At the age four Raghunath lost his elder brother and sister in the disease of cholera. After only a month of the death of his brother and sister, he lost his mother in the same disease forever. His father Bholanath Chaudhary became mad. He went out of his home. The child Raghunath fell in helplessness.
His father had immense property. When the misfortune seized off the family, his kith and kin took the avail it and they snatched away all the wealth and belongings one by one and thus they plundered off the property of the Chaudhary household. One by one all the servants and stewards fled away leaving the family forlorn. In their household there was a stewardess by the name of Laophuli. She was married to a very poor peasant, but her husband could not provide her with proper food and lodging and eventually, she was engaged to the service of the household of Raghunath Chaudhary as a servant. She had a girl by the name of Miss Jikaphuli. She was of the age of Raghunath. She was charmingly beautiful, lively and amiable. Raghunath played with her, chanted lulling rhymes with her, played hide and seek with her. A close friendship developed between the two. He took her as his garland. One day, while the family teemed with calamity, Laophuli along with her daughter Jikaphuli left the home. Raghunath Chaudhary had been staring at them while they were walking on leaving him behind for their own. The departure of Laophuli and Jikaphuli gave Raghunath a shock. He cried and then wept. But they did not look back. The scene fell an everlasting effect to the heart of child Raghunath.
The memory of Jikaphuli remained long in the store of his memory throughout his life. It was the first and last love of Raghunath to a girl. But this love was utterly spiritual. There had been not a slight touch of amorous affection. Later on, Jikaphuli was married a poor person. But Raghunath nursed her only in his memory secretly. He allowed none to know this. If anybody asked him to get married—he then reminded of the memory of Jikaphuli and repudiated the offer of marriage.
Here, a question generally arises in our mind, whether he had suffered from any sexual disability or whether he had suffered from inferiority complex due to his physical handicap for which he hesitated to get married with a girl. But the answers to these questions have not come to our knowledge.
But sometimes he felt the need of love of woman in life and in many of his poems he reflected this passion. Most of his nature poems, especially the poems written on birds are metaphorical and the birds are often represented as his divine lovers. In one of his poems, he writes of carnal love as—
“Hope, happiness, peace, love, desire and comforts—all are a hallucination
Being protean they only cheat me creating a puzzle in my heart.”
As is the man so is his philosophy. Raghunath Chaudhary remained a bachelor throughout his life and hence a natural hatred to sexual love rose up in his heart. But his philosophy of love is not acceptable to all, otherwise, the human civilization would come to an end within only a century. 0 0 0
THE LOVE OF JOHN DONNE
John Donne (1572-1631) was one of the grand poets in the English language. He was the founder of a new genre of poetry which has been termed as ‘Metaphysical Poetry’. In metaphysical poetry a problem of a metaphysical theme is propounded first and then the problem is led to a solution or conclusion through arguments after arguments which are full of conceits. John Donne not only founded this genre of poetry but also practised it devotedly and influenced many of his contemporaries and established it as an special genre of poetry. Much of his poetry deals with the themes of love. He wrote more than sixty love-poems which have been being considered, since then, to be the finest love poems in the English language.
The personal love-life of this great love poet was a wonderful one. Concerning his love to woman, his love-life may be divided into two distinct periods. The first period, comprises of the years till his marriage and the second period comprises of the years after marriage till death. Here to note well that John Donne was a man of strange personality. He spent his morning hours after studying books and books voraciously like a wise man and in the evening he led a sort of carefree, wild and vagabond life. Physically he was a strong and handsome one to look at, and mentally he was wise and full of intellect. So beautiful girls and women cared for him, honoured him and offered love to him. He, as a libertine, took the avail of it and frequented the home of ill-famed women and spent almost his every evening playing and making sex-orgies with them. This sort of licentious and amorous life continued till his marriage. During this period his love to women was primarily physical. Quenching the sex-thirst was the main purpose of his love to women during this first period of life. Due to his too much licentious-nature, he was often criticized badly by his relatives and friends. But he cared those criticisms little.
At the age of fourteen, in 1584, he passed the matriculation and studied law. Since he became a law student, he took to writing poetry. In 1597 he went abroad and travelled in Europe for three years. Already the economic status of his parents had come down and poverty followed and so to meet his livelihood he became the secretary to Lord Egerton. There he met a very beautiful girl. His eyes fell on her charming and fascinating body and fell in love with her. The name of that fascinating girl was Anne More, a niece to Lord Egerton. His love to Anne was not superficial but deep. This girl turned the life-way of John Donne. First, he was fascinated by Anne’s charming body and contacted physical communication with her. This physical love developed to deep spiritual love and then both became mad of each other. One day, eventually, he eloped with her. Anne More’s father, George More felt the case shameful to his family reputation and hence caught him and sent him to prison and dismissed him from his job. After spending a year in prison he was forgiven by his father-in-law, George More and he was released. Coming out of jail he ratified his marriage with Anne More and began to live in freedom, but poverty attacked his conjugal life. His father-in-law, George More, showing sympathy to Donne and Anne settled a handsome allowance to them. Then the course of Donne’s love-life, especially sex-life took a new turn. His physical love soured up to spiritual love. He gave up all his past licentious-life and became a changed man of morality. His love to Anne More was physical as well as spiritual. His love to her was, to say in other words, passionate as well as divine. Both of the two loved each other with devotion. Donne’s love, after marriage, became ideal and moral.
John Donne thought rightly that love (to the opposite sex) should be both physical and spiritual. Physical love without spirituality is a sin. Spiritual love survives even after death and it soars up to heaven. It is physical as well as spiritual love that makes a conjugal life happy and peaceful. Donne proved it through his conjugal life.
Donne had written many love poems echoing this philosophy on love. Some of his love-poems were written addressing to his wife Anne More. In his love-poems, he gives more emphasis on spiritual affection to each other of a pair of lovers. He writes through arguments that spiritual love is permanent, unchangeable—no power can separate them whose love is spiritual. The poet argues defending his view:
“Our two soules, therefore, which are one,
Though I must goe, endure not yet
A breach, but an expansion
Like gold to ayery thinnesse beate.
Again he continues to say:
If they are two, they are two so
As strife twin compasses are two,
Thy soule the fixed foot, makes no show
To, move, but doth, if the other doe.”
Love is an instinctive feeling. It knows no season, no clime, no days, no hour. In the poem The Sunne Rising, he writes:
”Love, all alike, no season knows, nor clime,
Nor hours, days, months, which are the rags of time.”
The same philosophy is met in the poem, The Anniversary where he says that love has no destruction and it lasts long. The poet says:
”All other things to their destruction draw,
Only our love hath no decay
This no tomorrow hath, nor yesterday
Running it never runs from us away
But truly keeps his first, last, everlasting day.”
Spiritual love never decreases; it increases in heaven also. He says in the same poem:
”—— a love increased their above
When bodies to their graves, soules from their graves remove.”
The poet advocates that a pair of lovers should love each other nobly. None can separate them or make treason against them who love honestly. He wishes:
”Let us love nobly, and live, and add again
Years and years unto years, till we attaine
To write three scores: this is the second of our reigns.”
The above-quoted lines show how deep and noble his love was to his wife. His love to his wife should be an ideal example to our conjugal life because to lead a happy and peaceful life, love between husband and wife must be both physical and spiritual and the both should remain faithful to each other. 0 0 0
THE LOVE OF SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE
If one cannot be happy with his wife in matter of love, he can never be happy with any other woman. So was the case of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, an English poet and critic of the first half of the 19th century. He, with William Wordsworth, inaugurated the Romantic Movement in English Literature with success. He had fallen in love with several women but he could not be happy with anyone. Instead, they increased his unhappiness and disappointment in life.
Coleridge was born in 1772 in Devonshire. His father John Coleridge was a learned schoolmaster but unworldly in matters of realistic life. His mother was, on the other hand, more active who took great care in bringing up her children. Coleridge seemed more imaginative from his childhood. He took a keen interest in reading the old romance stories including The Arabian Nights.
After his father’s death in 1781, he was sent to school under his mother’s guidance. In school, he seemed to be more introspective and he liked reading eagerly than to give attention to frolics and to the school-curriculum. During this school life, he read Homer, Virgil, Shakespeare and the Greek Classics in translation voraciously. In the school, he met Charles Lamb, who later on became a great essayist. He also met John Evans as his class-mate with whose sister he fell in love. In 1791 he joined Jesus College, Cambridge. Here he showed interest in propagating Republicanism and reviling in wine parties. On the other hand, his passion for Marry Evans, the sister of his schoolmate John Evans began to grow deep but he could not develop his love affair with her. Thus his first love fell down with disappointment.
Coleridge was rebellious like P.B. Shelly towards social conventions during his student life. In 1794 he met Robert Southey, who became a poet later on, and together the two engaged themselves in an idealistic but impracticable plan called Pantisocracy with the aim of reforming the entire human race. They determined that they would take twelve gentlemen of good education and liberal principles and marry twelve ladies and migrate to somewhere in America and there they would form a classless society. But their plan withered in the bud as Coleridge and Southey could neither find willing participants nor adequate amount of money. But as his initial enthusiasm for it, Coleridge married Sarah Fricker in a hurry. She was beautiful and smart but she was neither emotionally nor intellectually suitable to him. It was really a whimsical motive to get married in the interest of Pantisocracy and soon he realized his foolishness. He was still attached to Marry Evans and made a passionate appeal to her for marriage but she declined the offer except giving sisterly affection. Then he wanted to divorce Sarah, but his friend Charles Lamb prohibited him to do so. Coleridge, however, kept Lamb’s words and he had to repent for that haste marriage throughout his life. While a husband shows affection to another woman in addition to his legal wife then the passion for his own wife deteriorates. So was happened to Coleridge. He never could receive Sarah Fricker with the whole heart. So there had always been a gap between the couple.
In 1796 he brought out the first collection of his verses under the title, Poems on Various Subjects. This collection was received well by the reader community. In December a child, Hartley Coleridge was born to them. In 1797 Coleridge met Wordsworth, the father of English Romanticism and since then they began to live together. They—Coleridge and Wordsworth—together, brought out a collection of poetry in 1798 under the title, The Lyrical Ballads and with the publication of it, the Romantic Movement in literature began. In the same year, Coleridge and Wordsworth went to Germany. When Coleridge went to Germany leaving his wife in Stowey, England then his wife Sarah Flicker got a change to be near to Southey. Between Sarah and Southey, little affection had developed. Coleridge, returning from Germany found quite a hostile and unfriendly Sarah. The gap between the two broadened.
The dejection fell down on his life. His health always had been unsteady. He was persistently scourged with rheumatism and spasm in the stomach. After someone’s suggestion, he began to take in opium as an anodyne. Already his relationship with his wife became worse. The quarrel between the two ran on. Already his health began to disturb his mentality. His addiction to opium became irremediable. He developed unhealthy fatness and started looking prematurely old.
Already he had fallen in love with another woman by the name of Sara Hutchinson, who was the sister of Marry Hutchinson, the wife of his friend William Wordsworth. She was a young lady of great understanding and sympathy. Coleridge wished to marry her—but he saw no course to divorce his wife, hence the marriage could not happen. His love with Marry Hutchinson added to his misery and disappointment.
Amid that misery and dejection he wrote his monumental work, ‘Biographia Literaria’ in 1817. Then he went to London and stayed at Highgate. Here he took treatment from Dr James Gillman. The doctor was very sympathetic to the poet and along with his wife, he gave Coleridge much needed understanding and tried to develop their affection towards each other. The remaining years of his life, he spent through sufferance and dejection. As a poet, he wrote on but he could not complete his masterpiece the Biographia Lieteraria.
In 1834, he died living a life of utter sufferance and unrest. 0 0 0
THE LOVE OF JOHN OSBORNE
John Osborne was a popular major dramatist of the 20th century England. Besides being a dramatist, he was a skilled actor and a filmmaker. He gave rise to a new genre of drama which may be called the “Drama of Feeling”. Though he achieved great popularity as a dramatist of his age, as a lover of woman he was opposite to his career. His love to a woman was carnal. He fell in love with several women and thus he proved himself as a fickle lover of the opposite sex. He thought woman to be an object of enjoyment. He married four women one by one and lived an unhappy married life till the end of his life.
He was born in 1929 in a suburb of London. His father, Thomas Godfrey Osborne was a commercial artist and copywriter. His mother Nellie Beatrice was a bar-maid. He lost his father while he was hardly twelve years of age. He spent much of his childhood in London with his mother. He took education at Belmont College, but as a student, he was not so good and smart. He, instead of studying his curriculum, spent his hours after studying literary books and pursuing the beautiful school-girls. He made an end of his school education in 1946.
After he had left institutional education, he entered the Empire Theatre, as an actor. Soon he became an actor-manager and managed the staging of plays at various places. In 1950, he wrote out his first play in collaboration with Stella Linder. As an actor, and then actor-manager he had come into contact with many actresses and with some of them he established sexual relationship. Eventually, a serious relationship developed with an attractive actor of his theatre party and married her. Her name was Miss Pamela Elizabeth Lane. With her, the married life of John Osborne began in 1950. But with the passing of days, he began to feel annoyed with her. A fickle sexual relationship with any woman before marriage mars the long pleasure of married life. So was happened to John Osborne. Besides his wife, he often ran after other women and as a result, their married life became unhappier and at last, in 1957 his marriage with Pamela Elizabeth Lane dissolved.
After the dissolution of his first marriage, he fell in love with another actress named Miss Mary Ure. She was highly charming, lively and amiable. She showed vehement love to Osborne and at last, he married her after only three months of the dissolution of his first marriage. But with the passing of hours, the same negligence to his wife arose in his heart. He could not stick at her. An amorous-licentious man can never stick at a single partner. Osborne became so and so was Mary Ure. She had, before entering into marriage bond with John Osborne, sexual relationship with several actors and hence she also could not stick at her husband and as a matter of fact, their marriage bond came to an end after living only six years together.
Already John Osborne had written a good deal of plays and established himself as a major dramatist. He had earned many rewards, honours and fame as an outstanding popular dramatist of England. So many well-known critics and literary men and women came into his contact. He preferred friendship with women to men. One day in 1963 he was introduced to Miss Penelope Gilliatt, a critic and journalist. Their introduction developed into a friendship and from friendship to love. Eventually, they were married in 1963. She gave birth to a child by him. But who cannot be happy with the first wife can hardly be happy with no wife. John Osborne proved this well. Day by day he grew dissatisfied with Gilliatt and at last, he divorced her in 1967 after only four years of their marriage.
In the same year, he married another woman by the name of Jell Bennett and tried his best to be happy with her. But a yoked horse can never fill up his hungry tummy. So was seemed to Osborne.
In many of his plays, he had portrayed his unhappy affairs of married life allegorically. His famous play ‘Look Back in Anger’ is a play which has borne the stamp of his unhappy married life. The main character Jim Porter is no other than the dramatist himself. Jim Porter married Alison. He suffered an unhappy married life like the dramatist. Alison was, allegorically, the portrayal of Pamela Elizabeth Lane, the first wife of Osborne. 0 0 0
THE LOVE OF ANDREW THE PAINTER
Love is a mysterious power. It can add life to death and death to life. It can efface tears from the eyes and give smiles to the lips, and it is the love, which sometimes can efface smiles and shower of tears to the eyes. Fortunate are they to whom love becomes a source of smile instead of tears and unfortunate are they to whom love becomes a source of tears instead of smiles. Fortunate were Leo-da-Vinci; Michel Angelo, Raphael and so few—because love had been a vital source of inspiration to their creativity. But there was a younger contemporary of them to whom love had been an eternal source of tears, sorrows, sufferance and at last death. The name of that unfortunate person was Andrew. He was, like Vinci, Angelo and Raphael, an Italian painter of the 15th century. He had all the promises of becoming a great painter like his elder contemporaneous painters. But a matter of regret is that when he was on the way to achieve greatness he fell in love and married a prostitute who later on caused a fatal downfall to his career as a painter and drove him to death through sorrow and sufferance.
This painter, Andrew, with the visible promise of a great career, was born in 1486 in Italy in a very poor family. His father was a tailor and he hardly could maintain his family with the little income earned by tailoring. From his childhood, Andrew seemed to be curious to know things and matter and observing his curiosity his father had him a little schooling till he was seven years old. Though the boy wished to have further schooling, yet his father took him away from school and sent to a goldsmith as an apprentice. But the boy could hardly learn the work of gold-smithy—because he seemed often indifferent to his job and most of his hours he liked to spend after drawing picture either on the soil or on the waste paper or on the leaves of banana. But the snake knows the snake. One day a man, by the name of Barille—who was a minor painter—came across the boy and observed his scratchings. He rightly caught the promise of the skilled probability of a painter in him. So he took Andrew away from the goldsmith’s workshop and began to keep him under his partnership and set him to draw pictures and paint attentively.
Thus under Barille’s patronage, Andrew spent three years and had learnt a primary knowledge of painting from him. When his patron noticed the opening of a bright career, he sent Andrew to a famed studio under Kasimo. There, by dint of his perseverance, he learnt a lot and achieved superiority to his classmates. Then his name as a young painter began to be spread here and there.
In the middle ages, there had been a practice of decorating the church walls with beautiful paintings. The famed painters were engaged to such work. Gradually, Andrew had to draw the attention of the church officials and one day he succeeded to have an offer of taking the work of painting a church wall. With the passing of time, he became well famed as a young painter and took the work of painting as his profession. During the middle ages, the upper classes of people had led a life of extreme comforts, fashion and luxury. They had their private churches and houses decorated with beautiful paintings and they spent huge amount of money after that. By means of this profession, Andrew began to earn a good amount of money and began to maintain his parents with happiness.
Then, as he reached adolescence, the fire of amorous love began to burn both his body and heart. He began to dream of his darling. Already many young girls had become desirous of having him as their husband as Andrew’s name as a skilled painter had been established. With a hope to enter into marriage, or becoming his beloved, some girls had come forward to him and implored his love. But when the fishes are in abundance the fowl forgets to catch this right prey, so was happened to Andrew. Under the pressure of the sense of amorous love, he failed to select the beloved suited to him. He began to run after beauty and had lost his sense of sound judgment. One day he suddenly met a very beautiful girl in the city of Florence. To his eyes, he was as beautiful as Cleopatra or Helen. He began to love her. She also took the avail of his love and began to show her love to him. The love deepened and one day he took her as his wife. After having taken her as his wife, he happened to know that she was a widow and was accustomed to a very wayward licentious life. He regretted but he could not draw away his love from her. She also showed her best to keep him drowned in her. The name of this woman was Mrs Lueregia. When the news of this marriage spread in the city all his friends, admirers and relatives began to hate him instead of showing love and respect that he used to receive before marriage. Being deprived of affection, love and honour, Andrew began to feel ashamed of his hasty marriage. He began to repent his foolishness. But what has happened cannot be made unhappened. He had already gone to the sway of Lueregia. Day by day Lueregia became obstinate, cruel to her husband. He had been compelled to act in accordance with her direction and whims. Andrew had to cease to maintain his poor parents and instead he was compelled to provide accommodation to the parents of Lueregia. Andrew day by day seemed to be indifferent to his devotion to the art of painting and began to lose his spirit. He seemed to be the slave of his wife. The beauty of Mrs Lueregia Andriew began to engulf his career. Though Andrew earned a good amount of money in proportion to his works, yet he had to remain in misery as almost all his earnings went to the hand of Lueregia and she began to spend the earnings after fashion and comforts. One day, after the counsel of some friends of Andrew, he sent two of his paintings to the court of the king of France. The two paintings could draw the attention of the king and sent for him to the royal court. Already, Andrew had begun to come to the consciousness of his lost spirit and while he got the invitation of the king of France he took the opportunity of it and leaving Lueregia in Italy, he set out for France.
King Francis welcomed him with a warm heart and gave him worth honour and provided him with food and lodging. Andrew, after the lapse of some years, got the proper environment to pursue the art of painting and in the court of the French king, he devoted to his creativity with much attention and freedom. A good artist got his patron. Andrew became able to spread his name again not at home but abroad. The king had been paying him a good remuneration and Andrew kept sending his earnings to his wife and with the money sent by Andrew, she began to lead a more wild, luxuriant and licentious life in the city of Florence. She again began the life of a prostitute. Like the swamp of bees, the young men of the city of Florence began to suck the honey and beauty in her.
One day, all of a sudden, Andrew, received a letter from Lueregia in which she wrote, pretending herself to be mad of him, to come back to her as soon as he would receive the letter. With the permission of the king of France, Andrew came back to Italy. The generous king presented him with a large amount of money and requested him to come back soon. The king gave him some additional money in order to buy some famous paintings of the other painters of Italy for the king. Andrew promised to keep up the words of the king.
Coming back to his motherland, Italy, Andrew again was entrapped to his wife. The money given by the king flew away within few months and again Andrew fell into misery. He wanted to go to France again as he promised, but Lueregia in no way, allowed him to leave her.
A woman is a mysterious source of power that can either be a source of inspiration for great creation or be a cause of pathetic ruin. So Lueregia became to Andrew. Her behaviour and conduct to Andrew began to deviate from the course of his career. He again lost his spirit, but he could not sit idle. To maintain his family he had to continue his job of painting but through much mental sufferance. While Andrew sat to paint at deep night in front of his table in the light of a candle, then Lueregia went out to give her company to her paramours. Andrew could say nothing, he had to see and suffer.
The honesty of the husband and chastity of the wife is a fundamental necessary condition to keep the married life happy and peaceful. The breach of it brings in sorrow and sufferance. The break of chastity of a wife is even more fatal to a family which multiples chaos everyday that can turn heaven into hell.
Andrew began to grow older more swiftly before his age. One day he fell ill. In his ill-bed, he desired to paint a picture of his wife, Lueregia and hence requested her to keep herself near Andrew’s bed. But Lueregia, still a lively woman, could not keep her steady for a moment. Day by day Andrew’s health and spirit began to deteriorate and on the other hand his wife Lueregia began to enjoy more freedom and more licentious life and at last one night the soul of Andrew went out of his body and he died pathetically. 0 0 0
THE LOVE OF WALT WHITMAN
Walt Whitman was one of the greatest poets of the world. As a poet, both in theme and style, he was exceptionally a queer poet as he wrote poetry on the common themes of democracy and of natural freedom in an unprecedentedly new prosaic style which was his own innovation. By means of the taste of his exceptionally common themes and innovated style he got world-wide popularity and eventually he was hailed as the National Poet of America.
This great poet of America, Walt Whitman remained as a bachelor for his whole life. But it did not mean that the sense of love (especially sexual love) had not come to him. As he began to grow young the sense of sexual love grew stronger in him. But the sense of his love was queerly an exceptional one. He threw away all the existing conventions of love. Throughout his life he could not love any definite woman. Instead, he loved both men and women. His love to men and women was more and more carnal. To him love was a physical need and to meet it there was no definite means—any man or woman was enough to quench the amorous thirst. He himself was homosexual and preferred the company of men much more to the company of women. Hence, his sense of sexual love was antisocial, antireligious and anti-humane. In brief, to say, his sense of love was immoral, barbarous and worth of being hated.
In his personal life, he was fickle minded and could not stick at any fixed job or work for a long period of time. Hence he had to move often, from place to place and had to do many jobs. In 1848 he went to New Orleans where he worked for some months on a newspaper called The Crescent. There he came to the attachment with a Creole woman. He made sexual relationship with her. His relationship with her was sexual and for part-time entertainment. Besides Creole woman, he had gone to the touch of many other women during his stay at several places. Often it was charged against him that he had become the father of six illegitimate children.
In his writings, he advocated greater sexual freedom and tolerance. In the matter of personal companionship, he preferred uneducated working men and developed homosexuality with them.
He never proposed marriage to any woman. But several proposals of marriage to him came from some women. Among them, there was an English lady whose name was Anne Gilchrist. She was the widow of William Blake’s famous biographer, Alexander Gilchrist. She had a strong literary interest and had gone through Whitman’s Leaves of Grass, a collection of poems. Going through the poems of this anthology, her interest grew on him. She wrote a critical appreciation of his poems and pushed up the sale of his book in England. She fell in love with his poetic creation and wrote several passionate letters to him. Whitman replied to her but his replies were polite and restrained. Eventually, Anne Gilchrist went to America with the intention of marrying him. There she became the first and foremost partner of the poet and comforted him during his old ages. Though Anne Gilchrist desired much to enter into a marriage bond with the poet, yet the poet did not marry her.
Because of his immoral attitude towards love and life he had to suffer much in life. For several times his poetry books especially, The leaves of Grass was proscribed by the church officials. Once he had been expelled from his government job in the office of the Attorney General.
This great poet with wild sexual creed died on March 26, 1892, in Camden.
In many of his poems, he has portrayed his wild attitude to love and sex. His love poems are highly amorous, passionate and barbarous. In the poem, I Sing the Body Electric he glorifies and exalts the human body forgetting the greatness of human soul. He writes:
“Have you ever loved the body of a woman?
Have you ever loved the body of a man?
If anything is sacred the human body is sacred.”
In the poem, ‘Once I passed through a Populous City’ he writes about his queer and fickle passion for a woman as:
“I remember I say only that woman who passionately clung to me,
Again we wander, we love, we separate again,
Again she hold me by the hand, I must not go
I see her close beside me with silent lips sad and tremulous.”
In the poem, ‘A Woman Waits for Me’, he writes giving much emphasis on physical love, as-
“A woman waits for me, she contains all, nothing is lacking,
Yet all were lacking, if sex were lacking, or if the moisture of the right man were lacking
Sex contains all, bodies, souls
Meanings, proofs, purities, delicacies, results, promulgations, seminal milk.”
Walt Whitman liked the warm-blooded active woman. He writes in the same poem:
”Now I will dismiss myself from impassive women,
I will go, stay with her who waits for me,
And with those women that are warm-blooded
And sufficient for me.”
Though Walt Whitman was a bachelor, he never hesitated to sleep with a woman in the same bad. He says,
“I draw you close to me, you women
I cannot let you go, I would do you good
I am for you, and you are for me,
Not only for our own sake but for other’s sake.”
The poet is very passionate about sexual intercourse. He writes in the same poem,
“I don’t hurt you any more than is necessary for you,
I pour the stuff to start sons and daughters fit for these states.”
All the poems dealing with the theme of love are the reflections of the poet’s own life and philosophy. Though his love poems are immoral and inhumane, yet he, as a love poet, is exceptionally a greater one in the whole range of world love poems. 0 0 0
THE LOVE OF JOHN KEATS
John Keats (1795-1821) was one of the great English Romantic poets. As a poet, he was a wonder—because he was the only poet, in the whole range of English poets, who had been living for a span of only twenty-five years and within the brief span of life he had composed some poem of exquisitely grand and superior kind. His poems are full of sensuous imageries. To say in other words, his poems are the garlands of rainbow-like imageries and imageries which impact our senses than intellect. Through his poems he glorifies the inner beauty of things. “Beauty is truth, truth beauty” was the motto of almost all his poems. In the making of imageries, he had no rivals except only William Shakespeare, in the whole list of not only English poets but of the world poets.
The personal life of this wonderful great poet was full of sorrow and sufferance. He had lost his father at the age of eight, his mother at the age of sixteen and his brother at the age of nineteen which filled his tender heart up with woe and sorrow. After his father’s death, he fell into poverty which cast him into the drain of hunger. Thirdly, his poems faced adverse criticism from some contemporary critics which broke down the spirit of his heart. Fourthly, he had been suffering from his childhood, from constant disease and often he was threatened to death by consumption. And finale, it was his affair of passionate love with a woman that added to his sorrow and sufferance more and more and at last his sufferance sent him to premature death.
Love to him was, first a source of life and secondly, a source of sufferance and death. His love was less physical but more mental. At the prime of his youth-hood, he came into the contact of a girl whose name was Miss Jane Cox. His love to her was physical and it affected his sensual desire more than spiritual attraction. She was beautiful, no doubt, but she could not share his personal likes and dislikes and soon the love affairs came to an end.
His second love was with Mrs Isabella Jones. But this affection, between the two, was not deep. They love each other for a time being, and soon they got separated.
His third significant but deep love was with a girl whose name was Miss Fanny Browne. She was the sister of one of his friend cum patron named Charles Browne. The poet, after losing his parents and brother, went to a tour to Scotland in 1818 to lessen the depth of his sorrow and woe. But he could not bear the pangs of loneliness that he felt after his brother’s death. So he went to Wentworth Place in Hampstead to live with his friend Charles Browne. There the poet met Miss Fanny Browne. At their first meeting, they seemed to like each other and then it developed into love. She was, to the eyes of the poet, “beautiful, elegant, graceful, silly, fashionable and strange.” At that time she was a girl of seventeen, full of youthfulness. Her physical beauty attracted both his sensitive eyes and tender heart. For some days, they played and walked about here and there together. Their sense of love to each other deepened. At the meantime, John Keats’ life-long disease of consumption began to sour up. On the other hand, his long poem Endymion, published in 1818, faced adverse and even vehement criticism which enfeebled his spirit. The higher tragedy of the poet began to grow serious. In early 1820, Keats was continually ill. He caught a chill and had haemorrhage of lungs and palpations of the heart. He was haunted by the thought of death. By this time he desired most to enter into the bond of marriage with Fanny Browne. But he did not dare to propose her because of his growing illness. Fanny Browne also seemed to keep herself away from him. She declined the intention of marrying him. The poet’s broken heart began to grow worse. But his love to her remained the same as it was at the beginning. He with heart and soul desired her touch, but marriage between them began to grow impossible. Then his love to Fanny aspired to a spiritual one. He, eventually, gave up the idea of marrying her, but he could not cease to love her. He wrote in a letter to his friend, “I can bear to die—I cannot bear to leave her.” Though Keats was unable to marry her physically, yet he always hoped Fanny to remain as his beloved forever. He wanted her not to get married to anyone else. Though he was disappointed in love, yet he did not give up writing poetry. The memory of Fanny inspired him to run on his writing. In a letter to Fanny, he wrote:
“— you do not feel as I do—you do not know what it is to love—one day you may—your time is not come.”
This quoted line shows how passionate and deep his love to Miss Fanny Browne was!
At the same time, he fell into extreme misery. He wrote to Fanny:
“… O, Browne. I have coals of fire in my breast. It surprised me that the human heart is capable of containing and bearing so much misery.”
In September 1820, his doctor examined his disease and presaged his approaching death and so he advised him to go to Italy for a change of climate. Obeying the doctor’s advice, he along with his truthful and sympathetic friend Joseph Severn, sailed to Italy. He went to Rome in November 1820. He was then longing for death because his inner self realized that he would not recover from his illness. The doctors of Rome made him bleed and put him on a starvation diet. The condition of his became serious by January 1821. The reminiscence of Fanny Browne add fuel to the fire of sufferance and after suffering a constant fear of death his soul went out of his mortal body to the other world. In one of his poems, Ode on a Grecian Urn he expresses his philosophy of love as,
“More happy love! more happy, happy love!
Forever warm and still to be enjoy’d
Forever panting and forever young.” 0 0 0
THE LOVE OF ERNEST HEMINGWAY
Ernest Hemingway (1898-1961) was an American novelist and short story-letter of the twentieth century. He won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1954. He lived, throughout his life on the earth, a busy adventurous life full of risks, sorrow and sufferance. Moreover, he was the only writer of the twentieth century who participated to both the world-wars and got wounded several times.
Besides being a great writer, Hemingway was a great lover of women also. Love to woman for him was a physical as well as mental food. The company of woman was to him as wine is to a drunkard. But his love to women was first a source of entertainment and then a source of pain and sufferance. He married four women besides keeping several irregular concubines.
After having finished his schooling in 1917 he took a job of voluntary ambulance driver to serve with the Italian Army in the First World War. On 8th July 1918 near Fossalta Di Piave, he was hit with exploding fragments of a trench mortar. Two of his companions died instantly. Hemingway, who was also hurt, picked up one of his comrades and carried him to a first-aid chamber. On the way, he was hit by a machine-gun fire and his knees and ankle were badly hit. Then he was taken to hospital where he met an English nurse named Agnes H. Von Kurowski. She waited upon Hemingway very affectionately. Hemingway for the first time in life fell in love with her very deeply and desired to marry her. She was much older than Hemingway. In turn, Agnes also showed her love to him. They promised to marry each other after his return to the U.S.A. After his recovery, Hemingway was released from his job and then he returned to his motherland, America. One day Hemingway a received a letter from Agnes. In that letter, she revealed that she was not willing to go to America and hence she did not want to marry Hemingway. Instead, she was about to marry an Italian major. The news became a thunderclap to Hemingway and his heart broke down. Thus his first love ended in disappointment.
Hemingway in 1920 moved to Chicago with a view to taking up a writing job and had accepted the editorship of Co-operative Commonwealth a journal of a Co-operative Society. During his stay in Chicago, he met a charming girl, Hadley Richardson. The meeting developed into love and eventually, they got married in 1921 and thus his married life began. After the marriage, he along with his wife went to Europe as a correspondent for The Star. After doing the job of a correspondent for two years he returned to America. Meanwhile, Mrs Hadley Hemingway gave birth to his first son.
In 1923, Hemingway moved to Paris and took a job in a news-agency. There in Paris, he met one day, a charming girl named Pauline. She was dark-haired fashion writer in the Paris office of Vague. He came of a very wealthy family. She fascinated Hemingway and allured Hemingway to marry her. After her introduction to Hemingway, she employed her every feminine method to win his heart and as a result Hemingway’s interest to her increased. Consequently, Hemingway’s first marriage with Hadley came to an end in 1927 and he married Pauline and settled in Key West, Florida. During his stay there, he wrote immensely and published some novels as ‘The Sun Also Rises’, ‘The Torrents of Springs’ etc.
In 1936 he went to Spain while the Spanish Civil War broke out. He went there as a war correspondent for the North Atlantic Newspapers Alliance. There in Spain, he met a girl named Miss Martha Gellhorn who had been a correspondent for the Collier’s Magazines. Hemingway and Martha together braved the danger of covering the various battle fronts. Thus for spending some months there with Martha, Hemingway left his second wife Pauline behind in America. The relationship between Hemingway and Martha deepened and they fell in love with each other. Hearing the news of their love affairs, Pauline, the second wife of Hemingway, who had been in America, went to Paris and brought Hemingway back to America. But Hemingway had already lost his heart in Martha’s love and so his relationship with Pauline cold off and eventually Hemingway went to Spain again and there he took up Martha as his third wife.
Already in 1939, the Second World War broke out. Hemingway, who liked adventures, took the avail of it and flew with the Royal Air Force to England and was accredited as a correspondent with the Royal Air Force. He ran on several missions with Royal Air Force to the flying bomb launching sites and to destroy them. Suddenly one day, Hemingway was involved in an automobile accident which necessitated 57 stretches on his head. During the war, Hemingway’s relationship with Martha deteriorated. In Paris, Hemingway fell in ill. Then he called on Martha to attend upon him, but Martha bore certain grudges against Hemingway and so she did not go to wait upon her husband. On the other hand, another young girl by the name of Miss Marry Walsh attended upon him very affectionately. Gradually they began to love each other and eventually they were married. Then after the end of the war, Hemingway along with his fourth wife Mary Walsh went to Africa to show her all the enjoyable places he had known. But during the course of their tour to Africa, he met with two air crashes and hence they had to cut off their trip. Mary was hurt badly and Hemingway also injured. Since then Hemingway’s health began to be deteriorated and with it, his mental disturbance and sufferance began, yet he continued his writing. Through sufferance, he wrote out his monumental novel, The Old Man and the Sea which brought him the Nobel Prize for literature and he earned international fame as a novelist in 1954. The winning of the Nobel Prize raised his spirit for sometime but the gathering gloom seemed to have chased him. He was admitted to Mayo Clinic twice where he received electric shocks for psychological troubles. Throughout his life, he kept always busy in writing and adventures and led an outdoor life. Friends, women and liquor were his company that kept him living. But while he fell seriously ill with mental disturbance he lost all his zest for life and on 2nd July 1961, at night he lost all his hope of life and shot himself with his own gun and thus the life of the Nobel Prize-winning novelist and a lover of women came to a tragic end. 0 0 0
THE LOVE OF EUGENE O’NEILL
Eugene O’Neill was one of the great American dramatists of the 20th century. He had written a large number of one-act plays and some full length plays. During his lifetime almost all his plays occupied the stage both in America and abroad and he became a household name as a great dramatist of the century. After the recognition of his greatness and popularity as a dramatist, he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize three times. Till today he has been the only play-wrights of America who won the honourable Pulitzer Prize three times. Moreover, he won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1936.
The love of this great dramatist was a bitter one. His love to women was physical. He loved women only for physical need; because he had no time to develop his physical love to spiritual love, as most of his time and endeavour were spent after the experiment of dramatic form and style. Formally he went to the contract of three women whom he married one by one. But his married life proved to be an unhappy one like the married life of most artists of any time.
This great writer, Eugene O’Neill was born in a New York hotel in 1888. His father James O’Neill was one of the best-known American actors. As his father was an actor he had to wander from place to place performing plays. O’Neill often accompanied his father on his long-acting tours and thus he gathered practical experience in a dramatic performance. He took his school education at Belts Academy, Connecticut and at Princeton University. But his school career was not so satisfactory. After 1907 he took up a series of minor employment. In 1909 he met a girl, Kathleen Jenkins of New York and fell in love with her. She was a charming and amiable girl about eighteen. The love deepened to each other and one day they were married secretly. But the parents of Kathleen did not approve of the marriage and so they had to keep away from them, even from home. In the following year, a son was born to them. With the passing of days, O’Neill seemed to be indifferent to his wife Kathleen as he kept busy in experimenting play-writing arts. Eventually, a chasm between them raised and it broadened soon and divorce happened to Kathleen by O’Neill. Then O’Neill’s father James O’Neill sent him to Honduras on an expedition in search of gold. But the expedition proved futile. In 1910 O’Neill went back to New York and stayed for some days at a hotel called Jimmy, the Priest. There he suffered from loneliness and attempted to kill himself but fortunately, he could not die.
Then for some months he become an assistant manager to his father’s company and had a tour from St. Louis to Boston. After then he became an ordinary seaman on a British ship sailing to New York. After the tour he went to New London to live with his parents. There he worked as a reporter and began to write plays and wrote out some significant plays including his masterpieces: “The Iceman Cometh” and “Long Day’s Journey into Night”.
In 1918 he fell into love with Agnes Bolton and married her instantly. After marriage, the couple lived for several summers at Peaked Hill near Provincetown. Mrs Agnes O’Neill gave birth to two children to O’Neill. The marriage lasted for ten years. O’Neill always happened to live an outdoor life and much of his time was spent after writing for which his wife Agnes raised to grudge against O’Neill and as a result, they were separated in 1927 after mutual agreement.
On 1929 he took up Carlotta Monterey as his third wife and accompanied her to many long journeys to Europe and Asia. After returning home he devoted himself again to play-writing and in 1936 he won the Nobel Prize, but at the meantime sufferance to his life began. His first son by his first wife committed suicide which gave him mental pain. After some years he was affected by paralysis and his physical sufferance began. At the meantime his isolation, family trouble and dissension began and he died eventually in 1953. 0 0 0
THE LOVE OF DYLAN THOMAS
Dylan Thomas (1914-1953) was a great poet of twentieth-century England. As a poet, he was more painstaking, refined and skilled than his contemporaries and hence he earned worldwide fame during his lifetime. But the private life of this great poet was full of gloom and ill-fame. Physically he was a sickly child, he coughed frequently and was periodically confined to bed for a long time. He was a habitual drunkard, extremely licentious and too much cigar-smoker. Moreover, he had a life-long struggle against poverty which made him suffer more and more.
The love life of this great poet was more wild, loathsome and strange. While Dylan was growing young the sense-organs within him began to grow more sensitive and active. From his childhood, he was accustomed to a Bohemian life and this nature got maturity while with his ageing. When grew young he became more sensual and often frequented the home of defamed women and spent night after night in sex-orgies. In 1933 he went to London and entered into a lengthy correspondence with a young poetess of London whose name was Miss Pamela Johnson. First, their relation was limited to pen-friendship, but soon the friendship matured into love. Then Dylan Thomas went to her home with a view to spend some considerable days with her. There in London, Dylan Thomas frequented the ill-famed women of the city. Pamela came to know his debauchery and so she reacted violently. Subsequently, their relationship came to an end. Thus Dylan’s first affectionate love with a young girl ended in failure.
In 1934 he moved to London with a view to stay there. That London-life made him more wild and sensual. There he practised poetry, drank excessively and played the game of sex with a number of women. There, in 1936, he met a young beautiful girl named Caitlin Macnamara. He often drank with her. But in the meantime, Dylan caught a venereal disease and he fell ill. It broke his heart and his mental state became melancholic. The disease made him suffer considerable days. When he got cured of the disease, he expressed his love to Caitlin Macnamara. She also received his love and their love affair began. After spending some months they entered into marriage-bond suddenly. While they married the purse of Dylan Thomas was empty which had always been so for his poverty. So their marriage ceremony was a solitary one — neither a friend nor a relative was called to attend the ceremony. Dylan’s sexual love became limited to Caitlin. First, their married life seemed to spend happily but later on gap between the two seemed to arise because of Dylan’s poverty and drinking habit. They often had murderous quarrel that violated the peace of their neighbouring families.
Being poverty-stricken Dylan Thomas had to depend upon the aids of his friends. Some of his friends, showing sympathy to him, rendered monetary help. In 1938 he left London and move to live at Laugharne. There he met a lady by the name of Margaret Taylor. She was a very kind and generous woman. She showed sympathy to the poor poet and rendered her helping hand to him. She became his sponsor and a great benefactor. Dylan Thomas loved her and respected her from the deep corner of his heart. But there was no sexual attraction between the two. She bought a home called ‘The Boat House’ at Laugharne and gave it to the Thomas family. In 1946, she gave them the use of her long cabin at Oxford Garden. Taylor’s husband, who was a historian, also sympathized with them. But soon Margaret grew tired of the noise of the Thomas couple and Dylan’s continuous requests for money. Subsequently, Misses Caitlin quarrelled with Margaret Taylor and bit her hand that fed her. Yet till her last days, Taylor had been a patroness to the poet. Here, Margaret’s love to the poverty-stricken poet is worth praising.
In 1953 this great poet died of excessive drink in New York. Dylan Thomas as a poet was great, but by his wild and careless nature had stained his great name. He had written many good love-poems in which his view on love to women is expressed either directly or indirectly. In a poem entitled ‘Lament’, he has lamented his excessive indulgence to sexual love. He says:
‘And all the deadly virtues plague my death.’
Here the word “virtue” is ironical. By the word, he means his too much indulgence to wine, cigar and women. 0 0 0
THE LOVE OF ALEXANDER PUSHKIN
Alexander Puskin was a great Russian poet. His place in Russian Literature is so high as Shakespeare is in English Literature, Walt Whitman is in American Literature and as Rabindranath is in Bengali Literature. It is because in his writings there is the reflection of the depth of human feeling as in Shakespeare, the fondness for human freedom and liberty as in Walt Whitman and the lyricism as that of Rabindranath. Besides being a great poet, he was a story-teller and a novelist too.
This great poet, Alexander Puskin was born in an aristocratic family feeding on the spoon of gold in 1799 in Moscow. His mother-tongue was French, but he learnt standard Russian Language from the mouth of peasants, labourers and servants. As he came of an aristocratic family, he easily could get the availability of opportunity in reading and writing from his tender ages. From his childhood, he was charming to look at and as he grew young he became more and more strong, brave and attractive. And as he grew up, his private life became wayward and licentious like that of a street drunkard. His love-life was even more fickle and more dissolute. His love was more physical than spiritual. His love to a woman was: first a physical urgent; secondly, it was a source of pleasure and thirdly it was a death. He fell in love not with one or two or three women, but with more than three dozens of women. His love to every woman began in hope of joy but ended in despair. His first love was with one of his neighbouring cousins. She was of his age. But this love affair was brief. Soon the girl was married off with another young gentleman. His second love was with a girl of the steward of their home. But this love was only physical. These two love affairs were as fickle as the storm wind in summer.
After having his schooling finished, he took a job in the Foreign Department of Russia. The job was in name only. He had no work to do. Hence, to spend the time he took shelter in studying and writing poetry. But only poetry made him bore and as his recreation and entertainment, he took shelter in women and wine. His licentious and wayward life began to be wild. At that time he became a member of a revolutionary party against the monarchy and began to criticize the royal power. Soon his criticism reached the ears of the Tsar and then he was transferred to the far-off south frontier of Russia. But there also, his conduct seemed not to change. Then the Russian Government divorced him from his service and sent him to his home.
At home, he got much freedom and comforts. He did nothing, but wrote poetry and became a philanderer. He pursued after all the charming girls of the peasants, slaves and labourers of his surrounding villages and played the game of love with them. The girls were also entrapped easily as Puskin was then an attractive youth and a good poet. One after the other he violated the chastity of the village girls. His love became only a physical need and a source of entertainment. While one’s first love fails then one’s heart breaks down and then heartily affection to a particular girl gets dried up. So was happened to Alexander Puskin, while his first love with his cousin (daughter of an uncle) broke down in the bud then his sense of love became fickle and carnal only.
While he became thirty year old, by then he fell in love, especially in physical love, with thirty-seven girls one by one. One winter noon in 1828 he came to the acquaintance of a charming youthful girl in a Ball-dance sport. Her name was Miss Natalia. She was as beautiful as a piece of newly bloomed red-lotus. Her two checks were as fleshy as an apple and as red as cherry. As soon as he saw her, he became mad to have her company. Then he proposed her to enter into a marriage bond with him. But she declined the offer. Puskin was obstinate to have her anyway. At last, he married Natalia. His love to Natalia seemed to be deep. In the meantime, Puskin got a job in the foreign department under the good auspicious of the Tsar. The poet Puskin began to live a still life, but the storm soon began all of a sudden. One day Puskin came to know that Natalia had been in deep love with another youth named Dantes. Dantes was born to a French couple and became a foundling son of an Olandaz ambassador in Russia. Natalia, after her marriage with Puskin, had been keeping communication with Dantes. When the secrecy came to light Alexander Puskin broke down mentally. A gap between Puskin and Natalia began to grow and it grew broad. Puskin and Dantes became envious to each other. Puskin was strong and dauntless obstinate youth. So he went to Dantes to give him a lesson. On the other hand, Natalia was in favour of Dantes. At first they- Puskin and Dantes- entered into a dwelling. But Dantes made a trick and shot Puskin with his pistol. Consequently, the life of a great poet of Russia came to an end at the age of thirty-eight in 1837.
Puskin wrote many love-poems which echoed his fickle and amorous love to women. His love-poems show that physical love is the main thing—without physical love no love is possible. In his ‘Yev Genio Anegin’, a prose-poem, he reveals his frustration in love. The hero of the poem ‘Anegin’ represents the poet himself. It is the allegorical record of his love with Natalia.
Alexander Puskin though was a great poet, yet he could not achieve greatness in moral life. As a poet, he is a paradigm of greatness and as a lover, he is an emblem of immortality and it is his immorality and fickleness in love matters that caused his death before time. Had he not indulged in immoral carnal-love, he would have not met the untimely death and the world would have been gifted with more elite writings from him! 0 0 0
THE LOVE OF PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY
Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822) was an English minor poet of major rank. Like Keats, he met an earlier death at the age of thirty only and within this brief span of life he had written a considerable amount of poems and became a worth mentioned popular poet. His place as a poet is after only Keats and none. As a poet, he was a romantic visionary, revolutionary and idealist. In matters of poetic style and language, he was the most spontaneous and lyrical of all the English poets both after and before him. Besides being a poet of major rank, he was a sceptic to God, revolutionary concerning social conventions and idealist in thought.
The personal life of P.B. Shelley was like a vagabond—as he often travelled here and there and thus he spent his days on the earth. His vagabond-like life was replete with the affairs of love and marriage. Regarding love and marriage he was anti-conventional, anti-social and anti-moral. He often opposed to the constitution of marriage and almost advocated wild, free, natural sex. Love to the opposite sex was to him a physical urgency. He held the opinion that marriage ought to be simply a voluntary relationship between a man and a woman—capable of being terminated at the wish of either party. His anti-conventional view on love and marriage was reflected in his personal life. He himself married two women one by one and in addition to them, he had some paramours.
After having some schooling at his birthplace, Shelley proceeded to University College, Oxford in 1810. There his revolutionary soul soured up and he wrote a pamphlet entitled, The Necessity of Atheism and resultantly he was expelled from the university as he expressed sceptic view on God. After being driven from Oxford, he went to London. In London, he met a pretty girl of a retired hotel-owner. The name of that girl was Miss Harriet Westbrook. From their first-day acquaintance, they began to love each other. Miss Harriet seemed to love Shelley deeply and she wished Shelley to accept her deeply in turn. But Shelley seemed not to be ardent in love with her. He only showed his interest to her beauty. Soon his eyes turned to another beautiful girl and left London for Sussex, his home place. Spending only a few days in Sussex, he went to Wales and there he began to stay with a cousin. One day suddenly a letter came to him from London. He opened it and went through it and found that it was sent by Miss Harriet Westbrook who offered love to him in London. In that letter, she expressed her deep love to him and wished to enter into a marriage bond with him. She requested him to come back to London to live together. Shelley first, declined the offer, but eventually, he went to London and met Miss Harriet Westbrook and began to love her. In August 1811, they determined to get married and finally, Shelley eloped with her to Edinburgh where they got married according to the rites of the Scottish Church. Miss Harriet Westbrook, after being married to Shelley became Mrs Harriet Westbrook Shelley and began to live a happy conjugal life. Mrs Harriet Shelley was not only beautiful and amiable but also adequately educated and well-bred. She liked reading, but she could neither feel poetry nor understand philosophy. She was simple-minded and affectionate and she tried her best to respond to her husband’s liking and disliking. For a year, they stayed at York in the company of Mr Hogg, a close friend to Shelley. There one day, Mr Hogg tried to seduce Mrs Harriet Shelley and then a quarrel set up between the Shelley couple and Mr Hogg. Eventually, they left York for London and there in 1813 Harriet gave birth to a daughter. After three years of their married life, a gap between the two began to take shape—their mutual love waned and by the spring of 1814 Harriet left her husband and went to a prolonged visit to Bath. In the meantime, P.B. Shelley went to the contact of William Godwin who was an idealist revolutionary. Shelley was influenced by his philosophy. There he, at the home of William Godwin, stayed for some days. William Godwin had a beautiful daughter by the name of Miss Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin.
While Shelley went, to stay for some days, to the house of Godwin, he came to the acquaintance of Miss Mary Godwin. At his first sight, he got enamoured of Miss Mary. In turn, Miss Mary showed him love and pity. Then she was a girl of sixteen. She was a brave, ardent and cultured-girl. Seeing her sprightly bloomed body, Shelley instantly fell in love with her. They very secretly agreed to get married. Hence in July 1814 Shelley and Mary eloped to Switzerland. William Godwin felt this affair furious. Although Godwin held bold opinions regarding the love and marriage similar to that Shelley, yet he could not bear the love affair of Shelley and Mary. In September 1814 they returned to London and settled at Bishop Gate, near Windsor Forest. Staying there for more than a year, they again left England for Switzerland. Already Mrs Mary Shelley had given birth to a son named William Shelley. There the pair met Lord Byron, a contemporaneous romantic poet and they lived happily there. After spending only some months there, they returned to London. On the other hand, Shelley’s former wife Mrs Harriet had given birth to a second child to Shelley and she was in expectation that Shelley would come back to her. She was waiting for Shelley from 1814 to 1816. She became anxious to have Shelley back. But Shelley remained aloof forgetting and neglecting her. While Shelley with Mrs Mary arrived in London from Switzerland he heard that after being weary of the waiting for Shelley Mrs Harriet had made suicide by drowning in a river. A charge was brought against Shelley that he was responsible for Mrs Harriet’s suicide. The suicide of Mrs Harriet, the first wife of Shelley, shocked his heart. It also shocked his whimsical ideas of love and marriage which he held so long.
In 1818, after a serious illness, Shelley, with his wife Mrs Mary, their two infants—William and Clara went off to Italy. In Italy, both their children—William and Clara—died suddenly and a third child was born to them in 1819.
In Italy, they stayed at Leghorn where they met Mr and Mrs Gisborne. Mrs Gisborne was once an intimate friend of Godwin. Secondly, they went to live in Pisa, where Byron the poet had been living with his wife. They constantly met each other. There in Pisa, Shelley met a beautiful, lively Italian girl named Emilia Vivian and fell passionately in love with her. But this could not develop to marriage-bond.
In Italy, Shelley’s last residence was at Casa Magni, on the Gulf of Spezia. He along with his wife went there to spend the summer season. On July 1822, Shelley with one of his friend by the name of William went on boating excursion and unfortunately caught in the storm. The storm overthrew the boat. Both the friends drowned in the sea and died after some struggle against the waves and water of the sea and thus the life of a great poet and a wayward lover came to an end at the age of thirty only. 0 0 0
THE LOVE OF MISS RAMERESH
Love to the opposite sex is an instinct, to say, a gift from nature bestowed upon every living being. Sometimes, though not often, it is seen that there are some people who are inclined to the same sex—a man to a man or a woman to a woman. The sexual desire for the same sex is called homosex. The sexual desire for the person having the homogenous sexual organ is not only unnatural but also irreligious, immoral, illegal and inhumane. But the nature and instinct of human being is full of mystery. In humans, there is the nature of both angel and beast. But, of late, to our surprise, it has come to our knowledge, that there are a few people whose sense of sexual love is inclined neither naturally to the opposite sex nor unnaturally to the homogenous sex, but to beast having the opposite organ. Such a person was Miss Rameresh, a citizen of Mexico, USA. She was a strange lover of beasts and she had fallen in sexual love neither with a man nor with a woman but with a male dog.
She had come of an aristocratic family. Her parents brought her up o maturity with much affection amid comforts and luxury. Her parents bought her a dog to add to her comforts. That dog was a very charming, robust and amiable dog. She called the dog Mr. Jellio, a charming name. Mr Jellio becomes not only a source of her comforts but her friend also. Wherever Miss Rameresh went, she had the dog in the lap. A boy generally goes to the parks with his beloved to enjoy company, but Miss Rameresh went to parks and tours with no boy-friend but with her Jellio. She became so attached with the dog that she slept with the dog and never went to sleep as long as the dog did not fall in sleep.
Rameresh was a very attractive girl about the age of twenty-one. Being fascinated by her attractive physique, many young boys came to her, philandered after her, offered their love. But she repudiated every offer with vehement anger. She often said, “I don’t love any lad” and pointing and manipulating her hand on the head of the dog she said, “Jellio is my dearest lover”.
On the other hand, her parents were very anxious to give her in marriage. So they have been searching after a suitable groom for her. But one day she says to her parents, vehemently, “I do not want to marry anybody, but if I enter into a marriage bond I will marry my Jellio.” Her obstinate decision gave her parents mental pain. But they had nothing to do against her decision. Already she had established a sexual relationship with the dog and one day declared publicly that she was going to arrange a ceremony very soon to get married to Mr Jellio, her dog.
Her love to Jellio, the dog is utterly unnatural, barbarous, illegal, irreligious, inhumane and immoral. The blood of beast in her had waked up wildly which subdued her blood of angle. Scientifically, the sexual relation of a man or a woman with a beast is harmful to health. One day or other the sexual relation with a beast will cause fatal disease that may sweep away the life before time.
Everybody should abhor this kind of unnatural sexual desire. Otherwise, the human civilization would return to primitive barbarism and the peace and order of society will be swept away forever. 0 0 0
- Twenty Most Famous Love Quotes
- Famous Love Stories in History and Literature
- Fall in with a Famous Person
- Psychology of Love
- Love Letters from Famous Writers
- Love Story-Wikipedia
- True Romantic Stories
- Beautifully Written Love Stories
- Nine Famous People
- The Secret Lives of Writers
- Famous Writers
- Hemingway Biography
- Definition of Love
- Life of P. B. Shelley
- Lives of Most Eminent English Poets
- John Donne