Pollution and Its Remedy

Introduction: Pollution refers to the addition of contaminants into the natural environment that causes adverse change. It is anything that makes the earth dirty and unhealthy. Environmental pollution occurs when pollutants contaminate the natural environment. Pollution disturbs the balance of our ecosystem, affects our normal lifestyles and leads to human diseases and global warming. Due to development and modernization in our life, pollution has reached its summit. With the development of science and technology, human capacity has increased drastically. 

There are different types of pollution, as Air Pollution, Soil Pollution, Water Pollution, Light Pollution and Noise Pollution. Let us discuss them in brief as under:

Air Pollution: Air pollution is one of the most fatal forms of pollution.  A biological, chemical and physical change of air occurs when smoke, dust and any harmful gases enter the air. Air pollution is caused by burning of fossil fuels, activities related to agriculture, mining operations, exhaust from industries and factories and household cleaning products. People release huge amounts of chemical substances into the air every day. The effects of air pollution are deadly to flora and fauna of the earth. It causes global warming, acid rain, respiratory, heart etc. Many wildlife species are forced to change their habitat in order to survive.

Land Pollution: Land pollution occurs when the presence of pollutants, contaminants and toxic chemicals in the soil is in high concentrations, which has a negative effect on wildlife, plants, humans and groundwater. Industrial activity, waste disposal, agricultural activities, acid rain and accidental oil spills are the main causes of soil pollution. This type of contamination affects the health of humans, affects plant growth, reduces soil fertility and alters soil structure.

Water Pollution: Water pollution is capable of taking our world on the path of destruction. Water is the largest natural resource of the entire humanity. Nothing will remain without water. However, we do not appreciate this gift of nature and pollute it without thinking. The major causes of water pollution are: industrial waste, mining activities, sewage and wastewater, accidental oil spills, marine dumping, chemical pesticides and fertilizers, burning of fossil fuels, animal waste, urban development, global warming, radioactive waste and sewer lines. 

Light Pollution: In some areas, light pollution occurs due to major additional illumination. Artificial lights disrupt the world’s ecosystem. They have deadly effects on many creatures including mammals, plants, amphibians, insects and birds. Every year many species of bird die after unnecessarily colliding with illuminated buildings. 

Noise Pollution: Noise and unpleasant sounds cause temporary disruption of natural balance. This is usually due to industrialization, social events, poor urban planning, household chores, transportation and construction activities. Noise pollution causes hearing problems, health problems, heart problems, sleepiness and communication difficulties. In addition, it greatly affects wildlife. Some animals may suffer from hearing loss, while others become incapacitated in hunting. Understanding noise pollution is very important to reduce its impact on the environment.

Radioactive pollution is the presence of radioactive materials in the environment. This is when it is very dangerous. Radioactive contamination can be caused by violations in nuclear power plants or improper transport of radioactive chemicals. Radioactive material must be handled with great care as radiation destroys cells in living organisms that can result in disease or death.

Remedies of Pollution: Pollution of any kind negatively affects the lives of both animals and humans. The only way to control environmental issues is to implement conservation methods and create a sustainable development strategy. We must find some effective measures to restore our ecological balance.

First, we should take advantage of public transport, walking or riding bikes whenever possible, strengthen our trips, and consider purchasing electric cars. 

Secondly, it is very important to make a permanent food choice. We should choose local food whenever possible; buy organically grown vegetables and fruits or grow our own.

Thirdly, we should conserve energy. We should turn off the electric pieces of equipment when we are not in the room. We know that small changes can lead to large energy savings. Use energy-efficient appliances. Whenever possible, we should try to buy used items and should choose products with minimal packaging. We should remember that almost everything we buy can be recycled.

Fourthly, to minimize water pollution we should conserve water as much as possible. People should avoid using herbicides and pesticides and should take to use environmental-friendly chemicals for their everyday work.

Conclusion: Pollution prevention is a major concern nowadays because of the harmful effects on our health and on our environment. Everybody can contribute to the prevention of it by taking some necessary steps against it. 0 0 0

(This essay ‘Pollution and Remedy’ originally belongs to the book ‘School Essays‘ by Menonim Menonimus)

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